全屏

IMAP是缩写为Internet邮件访问协议。这是一个应用层互联网协议,它允许电子邮件客户端来访问邮件的远程服务器上的邮件。 IMAP服务器通常监听众所周知的端口143。 IMAP通过SSL(IMAPS)被分配为端口号993。

IMAP支持两种操作在线和离线模式。使用IMAP电子邮件客户端一般在服务器上保留邮件,直到用户显式删除它们。

包装com.sun.mail.imap是IMAP协议提供JavaMail API,它提供了访问一个IMAP邮件存储。下表列出了此提供程序的接口和类:

类/接口描述
IMAPFolder.ProtocolCommandThis a simple interface for user-defined IMAP protocol commands.
ACLThis is a class. An access control list entry for a particular authentication identifier (user or group).
IMAPFolderThis class implements an IMAP folder.
IMAPFolder.FetchProfileItemThis a class for fetching headers.
IMAPMessageThis class implements an ReadableMime object.
IMAPMessage.FetchProfileConditionThis class implements the test to be done on each message in the folder.
IMAPSSLStoreThis class provides access to an IMAP message store over SSL.
IMAPStoreThis class provides access to an IMAP message store.
RightsThis class represents the set of rights for an authentication identifier (for instance, a user or a group).
Rights.RightThis inner class represents an individual right.
SortTermA particular sort criteria, as defined by RFC 5256.

有几点要注意此提供以上:

  • 提供同时支持IMAP4和的IMAP4rev1协议。

  • 关连IMAPStore维护IMAP协议的对象池在与IMAP服务器进行通信的使用。为文件夹被打开,需要有新的IMAP协议的对象,如果没有可用,IMAPStore将为他们提供从连接池中,或者创建他们。当一个文件夹被关闭,其IMAP协议的对象被返回到连接池,如果池有创建过的对象。

  • 该连接IMAPStore对象可能会或可能不会维持一个单独的IMAP协议的对象,它提供了存储专用连接到IMAP服务器。

IMAP协议提供程序支持以下属性,这些属性可以在JavaMail会话对象进行设置。该属性始终设置为字符串;类型列描述字符串是如何解释的。

名称类型描述
mail.imap.userStringDefault user name for IMAP.
mail.imap.hostStringThe IMAP server to connect to.
mail.imap.portintThe IMAP server port to connect to, if the connect() method doesn't explicitly specify one. Defaults to 143.
mail.imap.partialfetchbooleanControls whether the IMAP partial-fetch capability should be used. Defaults to true.
mail.imap.fetchsizeintPartial fetch size in bytes. Defaults to 16K.
mail.imap.ignorebodystructuresizebooleanThe IMAP BODYSTRUCTURE response includes the exact size of each body part. Normally, this size is used to determine how much data to fetch for each body part. Defaults to false.
mail.imap.connectiontimeoutintSocket connection timeout value in milliseconds. Default is infinite timeout.
mail.imap.timeoutintSocket I/O timeout value in milliseconds. Default is infinite timeout.
mail.imap.statuscachetimeoutintTimeout value in milliseconds for cache of STATUS command response. Default is 1000 (1 second). Zero disables cache.
mail.imap.appendbuffersizeintMaximum size of a message to buffer in memory when appending to an IMAP folder.
mail.imap.connectionpoolsizeintMaximum number of available connections in the connection pool. Default is 1.
mail.imap.connectionpooltimeoutintTimeout value in milliseconds for connection pool connections. Default is 45000 (45 seconds).
mail.imap.separatestoreconnectionbooleanFlag to indicate whether to use a dedicated store connection for store commands. Default is false.
mail.imap.auth.login.disablebooleanIf true, prevents use of the non-standard AUTHENTICATE LOGIN command, instead using the plain LOGIN command. Default is false.
mail.imap.auth.plain.disablebooleanIf true, prevents use of the AUTHENTICATE PLAIN command. Default is false.
mail.imap.auth.ntlm.disablebooleanIf true, prevents use of the AUTHENTICATE NTLM command. Default is false.
mail.imap.proxyauth.userStringIf the server supports the PROXYAUTH extension, this property specifies the name of the user to act as. Authenticate to the server using the administrator's credentials. After authentication, the IMAP provider will issue the PROXYAUTH command with the user name specified in this property.
mail.imap.localaddressStringLocal address (host name) to bind to when creating the IMAP socket. Defaults to the address picked by the Socket class.
mail.imap.localportintLocal port number to bind to when creating the IMAP socket. Defaults to the port number picked by the Socket class.
mail.imap.sasl.enablebooleanIf set to true, attempt to use the javax.security.sasl package to choose an authentication mechanism for login. Defaults to false.
mail.imap.sasl.mechanismsStringA space or comma separated list of SASL mechanism names to try to use.
mail.imap.sasl.authorizationidStringThe authorization ID to use in the SASL authentication. If not set, the authentication ID (user name) is used.
mail.imap.sasl.realmStringThe realm to use with SASL authentication mechanisms that require a realm, such as DIGEST-MD5.
mail.imap.auth.ntlm.domainStringThe NTLM authentication domain.
mail.imap.auth.ntlm.flagsintNTLM protocol-specific flags.
mail.imap.socketFactorySocketFactoryIf set to a class that implements the javax.net.SocketFactory interface, this class will be used to create IMAP sockets.
mail.imap.socketFactory.classStringIf set, specifies the name of a class that implements the javax.net.SocketFactory interface. This class will be used to create IMAP sockets.
mail.imap.socketFactory.fallbackbooleanIf set to true, failure to create a socket using the specified socket factory class will cause the socket to be created using the java.net.Socket class. Defaults to true.
mail.imap.socketFactory.portintSpecifies the port to connect to when using the specified socket factory. Default port is used when not set.
mail.imap.ssl.enablebooleanIf set to true, use SSL to connect and use the SSL port by default. Defaults to false for the "imap" protocol and true for the "imaps" protocol.
mail.imap.ssl.checkserveridentitybooleanIf set to true, check the server identity as specified by RFC 2595. Defaults to false.
mail.imap.ssl.trustStringIf set, and a socket factory hasn't been specified, enables use of a MailSSLSocketFactory. 
If set to "*", all hosts are trusted. 
If set to a whitespace separated list of hosts, those hosts are trusted.
Otherwise, trust depends on the certificate the server presents.
mail.imap.ssl.socketFactorySSLSocketFactoryIf set to a class that extends the javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory class, this class will be used to create IMAP SSL sockets.
mail.imap.ssl.socketFactory.classStringIf set, specifies the name of a class that extends the javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory class. This class will be used to create IMAP SSL sockets.
mail.imap.ssl.socketFactory.portintSpecifies the port to connect to when using the specified socket factory. If not set, the default port will be used.
mail.imap.ssl.protocolsstringSpecifies the SSL protocols that will be enabled for SSL connections. The property value is a whitespace separated list of tokens acceptable to the javax.net.ssl.SSLSocket.setEnabledProtocols method.
mail.imap.starttls.enablebooleanIf true, enables the use of the STARTTLS command (if supported by the server) to switch the connection to a TLS-protected connection before issuing any login commands. Default is false.
mail.imap.starttls.requiredbooleanIf true, requires the use of the STARTTLS command. If the server doesn't support the STARTTLS command, or the command fails, the connect method will fail. Defaults to false.
mail.imap.socks.hoststringSpecifies the host name of a SOCKS5 proxy server that will be used for connections to the mail server.
mail.imap.socks.portstringSpecifies the port number for the SOCKS5 proxy server. This should only need to be used if the proxy server is not using the standard port number of 1080.
mail.imap.minidletimeintThis property sets the delay in milliseconds. If not set, the default is 10 milliseconds.
mail.imap.enableimapeventsbooleanEnable special IMAP-specific events to be delivered to the Store's ConnectionListener. If true, unsolicited responses received during the Store's idle method will be sent as ConnectionEvents with a type of IMAPStore.RESPONSE. The event's message will be the raw IMAP response string. By default, these events are not sent.
mail.imap.folder.classStringClass name of a subclass of com.sun.mail.imap.IMAPFolder. The subclass can be used to provide support for additional IMAP commands. The subclass must have public constructors of the form public MyIMAPFolder(String fullName, char separator, IMAPStore store, Boolean isNamespace) and public MyIMAPFolder(ListInfo li, IMAPStore store)

一般情况下,应用程序应该不需要直接使用的类在这个包。相反,他们应该使用javax.mail包定义的API(和子包)。应用程序不应该兴建IMAPStore或IMAPFolder 的直接实例。相反,他们应该使用Session方法getStore获得适当的存储对象,并从获取文件夹对象。

示例使用IMAP服务器是体现在 限额管理.


分类导航
点击按住视频可拖动

缩小

关闭

  • 正在学习
  • 北京总部地址:北京市海淀区西三旗街道建材城西路中腾建华商务大厦东侧二层尚学堂
  • 咨询电话:400-009-1906 010-56233821
  • Copyright 2007-2015 北京尚学堂科技有限公司
  • 京ICP备13018289号-1 京公网安备11010802015183